yam production in ghana pdf

Yam is a major food crop grown in many regions of Ghana and usually by small holder farmers (Anaadumba 2013). World annual production was estimated to be 25 million Mt in 1974, and 24 million Mt in 1992. 3, No. Acreage under yam cultivation in 2011 was estimated at 403,798 Ha with corresponding production of approx-imately 5,855,138 MT with 27,000 MT for export[11] . Our sample yam production business plan in Nigeria can be used to access bank loans, proposal writing and grant applications. cotton in northern Ghana and fruits and vegetables in both southern and northern Ghana, which has been ex-tended to many other areas today (Ntow et al. While Nigeria is the major producer of yam in the world followed by Ivory Coast, Ghana is in the other hand the major exporter of yams, accounting for over 90% of … production method is practiced by some farmers in the yam growing regions of Nigeria and Ghana. These four crops are grown in varied agro-ecologies and production systems contributing to more than 240 million tons annually, covering around 23 … Ghana Yam Sector Development Strategy The Ghana Yam Sector Strategy has been formulated in response to a request from the Government of Ghana to support the development of the yam sector in terms of production, value addition and commercialization. In the production regions, yam serves as an important cash and food crop for smallholder farmers and their families, with distinctions linked to the variety of yam and seasonality. Cassava is one of the leading tuber crops that offers the highest production of food energy and is a staple food for millions of households across the globe. Journal overview. The Ghana Yam Development Strategy is a bottom-up policy process that started in 2012. Ghana is the worlds second largest yam producer and 3 rd largest yam exporter, behind China and Mexico 1. Worldwide yam production in 2007 amounted to 52 million tons, of which Africa produced 96%. Internationally, yam production in Ghana has been increasing at a decreasing rate as compared to Nigeria and Cote d Ivoire, (FAOSTAT, 2013). on the production practices of local pig farmers which can be useful in the establishment of breeding programmes to enhance their production potentials (Adjei et al., 2015; Ayizanga et al., 2018). amala are the forms of yam mostly consumed in west Africa especially Nigeria and benin (Akissoe et al.,2001). This business plan was complied after a proper feasibility study on yam production in Nigeria was carried out. Map of Ghana, showing the location of farmers surveyed in this study. Yam (Dioscrora spp) are among the most valued tuber crops in the tropics – West Africa is one among the three largest yam production region in the world and Nigeria is the largest production of yam in the world.Most of the yams grown in Nigeria are from small farm land. Nigeria, Ghana, and Ivory Coast together produce about 86% of the world’s yam supply. After a planted seed yam has formed roots, vines, and leaves, the same seed yam is carefully detached and replanted in a new mound. Ghana is the third largest yam producer in West Africa after Nigeria and Cote d’Ivoire, but when it comes to exportation, they are the leading exporter of yam, accounting for over 94 percent of total yam … Water yam … (2017). This is particularly so in the Zabzugu District located in the Northern Region of Ghana, where yam production is the main economic activity. African countries imported more than 2,000 tons in 2002, and exported 15,500, of which Nigeria exported 12%. (because of the size of its population of yam farmers), more yam is produced per capita in Côte d’Ivoire, indicating that the crop is a more important contributor to farmers’ incomes in that country. The analysis was based on primary data collected from seventy (70) seed yam producers selected through snowball sampling technique. Cogent Food & Agriculture: Vol. The first stage is sprouting of the dormant tuber. Ghana’s agricultural sector is characterized by low yields for both staple and cash crops. First, it is frequently confused with other crops that go by the same name outside of West Africa. Per capita consumption of yam in Ghana is estimated at 42 kg/annum. Table 2: Basic statistics on the production of yam in West Africa, 2008–2009. The present study therefore, was designed to investigate the hypothesis that there are pesticides residues in yam produced in Ghana with the objectives: (1) to conduct multiple pesticides residue analysis (LC-MS/MS) in yam from Ghanaian markets (local production) and from Belgian shops (export production) using the Quick, Easy, Cheap, Efficient, Rugged and Safe (QuEChERS) method and (2) … This study verifies improved agronomic package for sustainable yam production in yam growing areas in the forest – savannah transition zone of Ghana during the 2015 and 2016 cropping seasons. Cereal yields are estimated at 1.7 t/ha compared to the regional average of 2.0 t/ha and with potential yields in excess of 5.0t/ha (World Development Indicators, WDI, 2016). The crop is typically propagated vegetatively using tubers through meth- ods that are ... materials to use for yam production. Ghana's total food and agricultural imports in 2012 is estimated to reach $1.2 billion from $1 billion in ... Infrastructure in Ghana is poor, energy and production costs are increasing. Second, its production method does not lend itself to comprehensive analysis because it varies significantly in different agroecologies within the West African yam belt and in other yam-producing areas of the world. Most of the world’s production comes from West Africa representing 94%, with Nigeria alone producing 71%, equalling more than 37 million tons. From 2005 to 2010, yam production accounted for about 24 percent of total roots and tubers production in the country (MoFA 2010). The various spp of yam are as follows: The infrastructure for processing, ... yam), cashew, fruits (pineapples, pawpaw), and vegetables, cattle, poultry and eggs, fish, timber and rubber. Agriculture in Ghana consists of a variety of agricultural products and is an established economic sector, and provides employment on a formal and informal basis. Just like cassava, yam cultivation in Ghana is mainly done by smallholder farmers using rudimentary hand tools making cultivation and harvesting much more labor intensive. KEYWORDS: Yam Production, Stochastic Profit frontier, Profit efficiency, Northern Ghana INTRODUCTION The flowering plants of Yams (Dioscorea) genus are Angiosperms are monocotyledons (Norman et al., 1984). 1 Average cocoa Yam has about 600 species which have an annual life cycle characterized by five stages. Root and tuber crops, including cassava, sweet potato, potato and yam are the most important food crops for direct human consumption in Africa. Cassava starch production in Ghana has been successful over the years since many people depend on cassava roots as their main food. Seventy ( 70 ) seed yam production Business plan ” Cancel reply in 2012 34 % the! Ods that are... materials to use for yam production in Nigeria whole seed ” refers to the,... 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